The word “gun” arrives from an old Nordic word that translates into war. Historically, the first biggest ballista in the world which stood on the top of Windsor Palace in England is named Domina Gunilda. The term “gun” has long been used to describe a weapon that is carried by hand since the late 14 or 15 century.
The first group that develops weaponry is the people of China. Chinese started making weapons from bamboos since the year of 1000. It is also found that Chinese people started developing gun powder a hundred years prior to the creation of the bamboo weapon.
The first tipe of weapon is a portable burner-handle that is created from bamboos filled with black gun powder. This burner-handle is placed on the tips or a spearhead, used to shoot fire. It also makes the spear shoot through longer miles. Fire, spears, and the burner-handle will shoot in unison to burn through the enemy’s barricade. The proof of this weapon in history is in a silk banner originating from Dunhuang, China that is first created in the year of 1132. In it, it is said that the Song Dynasty from China uses weapons loaded with gun powder to attack the army of Jurchens.
As weapons are developed, the amount of potasium carbonate in the gun is increased to create a more explosive effect when firing the gun. To keep up with the explosive nature, the original outer layer of bamboo and paper is replaced with a stronger material which is metal or steel. Other modification made is in regards to the lenght and form. Now, guns points are made to be longer so that the explosive force can have a longer shooting range.
Other nation using fire weapons are the Kingdom of Majapahit in Indonesia. It all started since they began the acquisitions of small kingdoms throughout the Nusantara in 13th to 14th century. Fire weapon is used in massive numbers to fight against small kingdoms who still used traditional weapons in wars. Those traditional weapons are usually sharp objects that shoots in close range. The knowledge of the Kingdom of Majapahit in making fire weapons is known to arrive from the invasion of Mongols in 1293. The kingdom’s weapon and strong navy fleet is effective in conquering kingdoms all accross the Nusantara region.
Guns are known to the Europeans from the 13th century. Guns in Europe are known to arrive from the Middle East, having travelled through the Silk Road to get to Europe. A century prior to this, the Mongols also invaded Europe in the 12th century. In that time, the Mongols also introduced fire weapons to the European people. In a session of the hundred years war between England and France in Calais, the army of England have already started using fire arms. The oldest recorded fire arm is known to come from Oteepa, Estonia. This fire arm is made in 1396.
The history of weaponry is quite astonishing. Fire weapons all over the world is mostly introduced by the Mongols as they invaded different regions. Now, fire weapon is continuing to evolve at a faster rate, used by militaries and other people for different activities outside from war.